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Original photo provided by Hugh and used with his permission. Complete Spandau Machine Gun Setup 7,751-(4)-63 ... Another view of the real Spandau machine guns installed on a replica Fokker Dr.I triplane ... built and photographed by Hugh Robinson. 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These would eventually find their way to Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia. The Type 24 heavy machine gun is chambered with the 7.92×57mm Mauser round, the standard Chinese military rifle cartridge of Nationalist China. The Lafette 42 weighed 20.5 kg (45.2 lb) on its own and was a simplified version of the Lafette 34 used for the MG 34, as the MG 42 could be operated more easily from a Lafette and featured no semi-automatic firing mode. [24] Later produced barrel bores featured hard-chrome plating to make them more durable. To accomplish that purpose, the MG 08/15 featured a short bipod rather than a heavy four-legged sled mount, plus a wooden gunstock and a pistol grip. However, the realization that the .30-06 Springfield cartridge was too long for the prototype gun's mechanism to easily and reliably work with resulted in the discarding of the project. so a spandau would be properly a MG34 or 42. It nevertheless remained a bulky water-cooled weapon that was quite demanding on the quality and training of its crews. Vintage 1:8 Scale WWI Spandau Machine Gun (German) Manufacturer: Scale Bitz. It replaced from this year the MG 42 as the MG 74 of the Austrian Federal Army. 2000. page 379. Three companies were asked to submit designs: Metall und Lackierwarenfabrik Johannes Großfuß AG of Döbeln, Rheinmetall-Borsig of Sömmerda, and Stübgen of Erfurt. More about the MG 08 (Spandau) machine gun. Barrel length: 28.35 inches. The Lafette 42 had a Richt- und Überschießtafel (Overhead firing table) riveted to the rear body of the searchfire mechanism from the very start of production until the very end of it. The length of the beaten zone could be set on the Tiefenfeuerautomat. It also spawned the Yugoslav unlicensed nearly identical Zastava M53. [32], When one of the two T24 machine gun prototypes was fired at Aberdeen Proving Ground, it fired only one shot and failed to eject the cartridge. Both empty belt guides and trays were attached directly to the machine guns rather than to the aircraft. [10][11] Brazilian expeditionary soldiers fighting in Italy used to refer to MG 42 as Lourdinha; this nickname is due to the fact that the bride of one of the soldiers, named Maria de Lourdes, was a seamstress and the sound of MG 42 was similar to the sound of her sewing machine (Lourdinha is a common nickname in Brazil for women called Maria de Lourdes).[12][13][14]. Some quantities of M53s were exported to Iraq in the 1980s and saw extensive action during both Gulf wars. It could also be used on an M2 Tripod. It was much simpler to build than other machine guns — it took 75 man hours to complete the new gun as opposed to 150 man hours for the MG 34 (a 50% reduction), 27.5 kg (61 lb) of raw materials as opposed to 49 kg (108 lb) for the MG 34 (a 44% reduction) — and cost 250 RM as opposed to 327 RM (a 24% reduction). Various cocking/charging handle styles evolved with a simplified distinctive long handled cocking/charging device finally becoming preferred late in the war. [9] Of the number of proposals submitted, Großfuß AG's proved to be the best design by far, employing a unique recoil-operated roller locking mechanism whereas the two competing designs used a gas-actuated system. World War I aviation is a popular modeling subject and quarter-scale flying model aircraft are also popular. Some engineering changes were to use a barrel chambered for the .30-06 Springfield service round and an extremely increased weight 47 oz (1,332 g) bolt and stiffer return spring in an effort to reduce the cyclic rate consistent with US rate requirements. These locking methods are similar in concept. Available in ... Foster Mount for Lewis Machine Gun. In actuality these attachments were for guiding the empty cartridge belts into a container inside the fuselage of the aircraft so that the belts would not interfere with the operation of the aircraft. The 530 millimeters (20.9 in) long barrel of the MG 42 could be quickly changed by the machine gun crew and weighed 1.75 kg (3.9 lb) including the locking piece. For modelers ages 14 and up. Production at numerous factories was markedly ramped up during wartime. [6], Criticisms of the MG 01 stressed its limited mobility and inability to keep up with the cavalry. Last one . GasPatch 1/32 machine gun Spandau Early MG08 (1MG) GP32072 WNW. The legs could be extended with a Lafetteaufsatzstück to allow it to be used in the anti-aircraft role, and when lowered, it could be placed to allow the gun to be fired "remotely" while it swept an arc in front of the mounting with fire. Because of the important physical reinforcement provided by the cooling jacket on the MG 08 series of guns, the excessive slotting of the initial model of the air-cooled lMG 08 — amounting to slightly over 50% of the total area of the cylindrical cooling jacket's original circumferential sheetmetal — rendered the gun as too fragile, to the point of making it impossible to fit the muzzle booster that the water-cooled infantry MG 08 guns could be fitted with. When aiming at enemy infantry, it usually comes with a muzzle disk. Die bekannteste Variante war das leichte MG 08/15, auf das sich die R… Luftkrieg 1919 | 1/16 Spandau German Aircraft Machine Gun Reviewed by Mike Swinburne. After investigation using high-speed photography the rollers in the bolt were found to "bounce" back and forth or oscillate up to 1 mm (0.04 in) when lock up is proceeding and then they settle into full lock up. Die Entwicklung geht auf das 1884 von dem US-amerikanisch-britischen Erfinder Hiram S. Maxim (18401916) entwickelte Maxim-Maschinengewehr zurück. The MG 42 (shortened from German: Maschinengewehr 42, or "machine gun 42") is a 7.92×57mm Mauser general-purpose machine gun designed in Nazi Germany and used extensively by the Wehrmacht and the Waffen-SS during the second half of World War II. The M60 Machine Gun, Kevin Dockery, pages 12–13, Retrieved 1 May 2018, "O soldado que transformou em música uma batalha histórica para o Brasil na 2ª Guerra", http://rubi.casaruibarbosa.gov.br/bitstream/20.500.11997/3875/1/Di%2bi%CC%81rio%20Carioca%20-%20DE%20-%2019441945.pdf, http://www.ufjf.br/ppghistoria/files/2009/12/Marcos-Antonio-T-Costa9.pdf, "OSPREY. [31] The gun was made as an almost exact copy of the MG 42 which was chambered in 7.92×57mm Mauser. Like the original MG 08, because of transportation difficulties, the M1917 Browning machine gun and other machine guns slowly replaced the Type 24 for the NRA after the Chinese Civil War. The MG13 was the result of reengineering the Dreyse Water-cooled machine gun to fit the new requirement. It was a heavy weapon (57lbs) requiring a 70 lb field mount and crew of three. Das leichte MG 08/15 war ein leichtes deutsches Maschinengewehr des Ersten Weltkriegs. $8.99 . Spandau (German: [ˈʃpandaʊ̯] ) is ... That arsenal's Spandau machine gun inspired the slang Spandau Ballet to describe dying soldiers on barbed wire during the First World War, and later was applied to the appearance of Nazi war criminals hanged at Spandau Prison. By changing its mount, sights and feed mechanism, the operator could radically transform an Einheitsmaschinengewehr for several purposes. The final variant to date is the MG 74, developed by Austria and since 1974 it is the standard machine gun of the Austrian Armed Forces. Free shipping . In Yugoslavia this MG 42 variant was built at the state-owned Zavodi Crvena Zastava company as the M53 machine gun using original German machinery, retaining the 7.92×57mm Mauser chambering. Vintage 1:6 Scale WWI Spandau Machine Gun (German) Manufacturer: JP. The MG 42's belt-feed mechanism was copied and used in the design of the M60 machine gun. Excessive overheating caused by rapid firing about 500 rounds through a barrel resulted in unacceptable wear of the bore rendering the barrel useless. In the German heavy machine gun (HMG) platoons, each platoon served four MG 34/MG 42 machine guns, used in the sustained fire mode mounted on tripods. Later in the war, the MG 34 was used as the basis for the Luftwaffe's MG 81 flexible defensive gun that had a cyclic fire rate of 1,400-1,600 rounds per minute. Alex Bucher's German Infantry Handbook would be an useful book. RB Productions 1/32 WWI German Seatbelts for Wingnut Wings - RBP32018. Requires assembly and painting. The MG 42 is capable only of fully automatic fire. [7] After criticism of the request from Socialist deputies, the Army's demand for six guns per regiment was reduced to six guns per brigade in 1907. Eduard 49030 WWI German Fighter Seatbelts … It is most notable for its very high cyclic rate for a gun using full power service cartridges, averaging about 1,200 rounds per minute compared to around 850 for the MG 34, and perhaps 450 to 600 for other common machine guns like the M1919 Browning or Bren. Simultaneously the barrel is pushed forward by a recuperator spring to its starting position. Hermann Göring, who flew both the Fokker Dr.I and Fokker D.VII was so annoyed with the case tumbling out in front of him that he had deflectors made on his aircraft to ensure the empty cartridge cases did not find their way into his cockpit. Werner Gruner, one of the leading design engineers with Großfuß, knew nothing about machine guns when he was given the task of being involved with the project, although he specialized in the technology of mass production. [33] By doing so, the Yugoslavs retained the original weapon's design features, making the M53 a near exact copy of the German MG 42. The LMG 08/15 was introduced in 1917.[16]. The MG 08/15 became, by far, the most common German machine gun deployed in World War I[11] since it reached a full allocation of six guns per company or 72 guns per regiment in 1918. [6] With the importance of the machine gun apparent, the Army asked for additional funding from the Reichstag to increase the supply of machine guns. Non-observance of this technical limitation renders the barrel prematurely unusable. Its parts are attached to a 2.5 mm (0.1 in) thick stamped sheet metal housing that functions as the receiver and barrel sleeve. He then recycled an existing Mauser-developed operating system and incorporated features from his experiences with army machine gunners and lessons learned during the early stages of the war. [5] By 1903, the German Army had 11 machine-gun detachments serving with cavalry divisions. Based on the commercial MG09, in 1935, the Chinese began to produce the derivative Type 24 Heavy machine gun, which was not based solely on German drawings and introduced several improvements and new features.[17]. [30] Saginaw Steering Gear did not get the opportunity to correct the flaws that caused the inability to obtain reliable uninterrupted automatic functioning and further optimize and ready the weapon for mass production before World War II ended.[29]. As a consequence, one of the MG 42's most notable features was in its high cyclic rate of fire of about 1,200 to 1,500 rounds per minute, twice the rate of the Vickers and Browning machine guns, which fired at a rate of about 600 rounds per minute. All these changes were intended to increase, maintain, or accommodate the gun's high practical rate of fire. Barrel length: 28.35 inches. It could be set up in a prone, kneeling or high position. [20] The trigger mechanism of the FN MAG or MAG-58 is a virtual copy of the MG 42's and its belt-feed is also very similar. The MG 42 was adopted by several armed organizations after the war, and was both copied and built under licence. Mounted to the Lafette and aimed through the telescopic sight, the effective range of the MG 42 could be extended out to 3,500 m (3,828 yd) when fired indirectly. Designated MG 18 TuF (German: Tank und Flieger), it was issued in limited numbers in late World War I. Last one. Sighting range: 2,200 yards. [9] The company had no earlier experience in weapons manufacture, specializing in pressed and stamped steel components (the company's staple product was sheet metal lanterns). Every Day new 3D Models from all over the World. Discontinued - No longer available for purchase . As personal small arms the squad leader was issued a rifle or as of around 1941 a submachine gun, the machine gunner and his assistant were issued pistols and the deputy squad leader, ammunition carrier and the riflemen were issued rifles. The open-type iron sighting line has a relatively short 430 millimeters (16.9 in) radius and consists of a "∧-type" height adjustable front sight on a folding post and a leaf rear sight with an open V-notch sliding on a ramp, graduated from 200 to 2,000 meters (219 to 2,187 yd) in 100 meters (109 yd) increments. The MG 42 is a 7.92×57mm Mauser, air-cooled, belt fed, open bolt, recoil-operated machine gun with a quick change barrel. 183–184. Enough guns were damaged and put out of action for repair or lost to warrant finding the cause and a solution. It was water-cooled, using a jacket around the barrel that held approximately 3.7 litres (0.98 US gal) of water. They were used for training or as filming prop, and never entered service. The first three releases from the company are all in 1/16 scale: two figures based on history with a bit of … Williams Brothers 1/4 Scale Spandau Machine Gun Photo Gallery : About Williams Brothers 1/4 Scale Spandau Machine Gun. Early versions of the Jagdpanzer IV carried two standard (no modification made) MG 42s on both sides of the gun mantlet/glacis, firing through a ball slot which was protected by an armored cover (with the MG 42 retracted) when not in use. Wright Brothers Spandau Gun Kit assembly. [16], Later, the MG 08's receiver would be lightened by being "stepped down" at its upper-rear and lower-forward corners as the more refined and lighter weight LMG 08/15 version was developed, using the same airframe mounting geometry as the earlier ordnance to allow interchangeability between the earlier lMG 08 and later LMG 08/15 models, with the still well-perforated cooling jacket reduced to a 92.5 mm diameter. No need to register, buy now! Upon firing, rearward force from the recoil of the cartridge ignition combined with the additional rearward force generated by the muzzle booster start to move the barrel and bolt assembly rearwards for a total distance of 21 mm (0.8 in). Three were tested with front units. The average cyclic rate of fire of the tested weapon was 614 rounds per minute. The T24 machine gun was a prototype reverse engineered copy of the German MG 42 general-purpose machine gun developed during World War II as a possible replacement for the Browning Automatic Rifle and M1919A4 for infantry squads. Free shipping. Last one . Trust 1000's of Reviews on Hobbylinc.com. Muzzle velocity: 2,821 feet per second. It was the standard heavy machine gun for all Nationalists, Communists, and Warlords from 1935. The resulting MG 39 remained similar to the earlier MG 34 overall, a deliberate decision made to maintain familiarity. The twin-barreled Gast gunwas developed with the goal of providing a high cyclic rate of fire weapon for anti-air… It used steel of lesser quality, which reduced weight to 9 kg, while retaining the horizontal cocking handle. Switching between a bipod and a tripod required no special tools, as the mounting latch was spring-loaded. [26][27], Finland acquired 5 MG 42s in July 1943 for evaluation. The gun used 250-round fabric belts of 7.92×57mm ammunition. The Allied nations had machine guns with similar rates of fire, but mounted them almost exclusively in aircraft, where the fleeting opportunities for firing made such high rates necessary. [5], The Army purchased the modified MG 99 and MG 01 versions of the Maxim gun from DWM in limited quantities. [7] On 3 August 1914, soon after the outbreak of World War I, the Army had 4,411 MG 08s, along with 398 MG 01s, 18 MG 99s and two MG 09s. Post by Helmut Von Moltke » Sun Mar 05, 2006 8:58 am … much of its original ww1 paint finish remaining. [17][18] Two of the standard issue bolt-action Karabiner 98k rifles in the squad could be replaced with semi-automatic Gewehr 43 rifles and occasionally, StG 44 assault rifles could be used to re-arm the whole squad, besides the machine-gun. It is a common misconception that the tubes or chutes coming out of the fixed mounted aviation LMG 08/15 fixed guns were for expended cartridge cases. In Stock. $13.98. In 1908 the weapon entered service as the MG 08 (Maschinen Gewehr of 1908). This ability made it extremely effective in providing suppressive fire, and its unique sound led to it being nicknamed "Hitler's buzzsaw".[7]. [5] The machine gun crew member responsible for a hot barrel change was issued protective asbestos gloves to prevent burns to the hands. [6] For its medium machine gun role, the MG 42 was matched to the newly developed Lafette 42 tripod. The German military kept issuing Karabiner 98k bolt-action rifles and did experiment with semi-automatic rifles throughout World War II. $33.95. RRP £12.99 £11.99. The Type 24 Heavy machine gun, first introduced to the National Revolutionary Army in 1935, designed to replace the original MG 08. The MG08 is a belt fed, water cooled machine gun. In order to address these issues, a contest was held for a true MG 34 replacement. The last military use of M53s in Yugoslavia was in 1999. The MG 08/18's barrel was heavier and it could not be quick-changed, thus overheating was inevitably a problem. Weighing 12kg - somewhat heavier than the Parabellum - the Spandau Gun, which was so misnamed by the Allies because it was exclusively produced at the German Spandau arsenal (and was a modified form of the widespread infantry MG08) - had a theoretical cyclic firing rate of 500 7.92mm rounds per minute. [5] An auxiliary anti-aircraft "spider web" ring sight is kept in the maintenance kit, that can be fitting on the barrel jacket to be used in conjunction with a folding anti-aircraft rear peep sight that is attached by a hinge to the rear sight element base. Kit requires painting. The German military instructed that sustained fire must be avoided at all costs. [5] The ear could not easily discern the sound of individual shots being fired, instead hearing a sound described as like "ripping cloth" or a buzzsaw. The Italian MG 42/59 licensed MG 3 variant produced by Beretta, Whitehead Motofides and Franchi since 1959, features an extremely heavy 1,200 g (42.33 oz) bolt which reduces the cyclic rate of fire to around 800 rounds per minute. The improvements consisted of a shortened and lightened barrel, a stiffer recoil spring and a more potent recoil booster to increase the rate of fire. Not functional. When used as an anti-aircraft gun, it uses a metal pole to make the tripod higher and usually does not come with a muzzle disk. The Spandau LMG 08/15 - MAXIM (by inventor Hiram Maxim) synchronised machine gun for German aircraft Caliber: 7.92mm x 57. Like the MG 42, the MG3 cyclic rates of fire can be altered by exchanging the standard weight (about 650 g (22.93 oz)) bolt used for the standard 1,100–1,200 rounds per minute rate of fire for an extra weight (about 900 g (31.75 oz)) bolt for a reduced 800–950 rounds per minute rate of fire. These trays are clearly visible in photographs but have rarely been recognized for their purpose. The initial model of the air-cooled "Spandau" lMG 08 front-firing cowling machine guns had lost the stocks, grips, and bipods of the infantry MG 08s to adapt it to a fixed, forward-firing mount forward of an aircraft's cockpit, with gun synchronization allowing safe firing through a spinning propeller's arc. Last one . Find the perfect spandau machine guns stock photo. Elite PUBLISHING. At 18 kg (39.7 lbs), the MG 08/15 was lighter and less cumbersome than the standard MG 08, since the MG 08/15 had been designed to provide increased mobility of infantry automatic fire. [6] The DWM and Spandau Arsenal developed the design further, decreasing weight by 7.7 kg, adding a detachable gun shield, an option for an optical sight, and removing the wheels. But to introduce a modern weapon of its own production the Office of Defence Technology, in cooperation with Steyr Mannlicher and Beretta developed a gun specifically for the Austrian Army. [19] In 1944 this was altered to six machine guns in three sections with two seven-man heavy machine gun squads per section as follows: The optimum operating crew of an MG 42 in its medium machine gun role was six men: the squad leader, the machine gunner who carried and fired the gun, the assistant gunner/loader who carried the tripod, and three riflemen who carried ammunition, spare barrels, entrenching tools, and other items. The PM M1910, and the SG-43 Goryunov (or Type 53/57 Machine gun) slowly replaced the Type 24 Heavy machine gun after the Chinese Civil War, but it was kept in service with the PLA, KPA and the NVA until the 1960s during the Vietnam War. A lower case letter "L" beginning the prefix meant luftgekühlt (air-cooled) rather than Luft (air).[13]. However, the MG 34 did have its drawbacks, such as sensitivity to dirt and mud, and comparatively complex and expensive production.[8]. The Maschinengewehr 08 (or MG 08)—so-named after 1908, its year of adoption—was a development of the license made Maschinengewehr 01. [29][30], Saginaw Steering Gear Division of General Motors received a contract to construct two working converted MG 42 prototypes designated as the T24 machine gun. [3] The agreement with Maxim concluded in 1898 and DWM received orders from Austria-Hungary, Argentina, Switzerland and Russia. The firing rate depends on the lock assembly used and averages 500 rounds per minute for the Schloss 08 and 600 rounds per minute for the Schloss 16.

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